Defending socialism by dint of Songun, laying foundation for socialist power building
The period of the Arduous March and forced march in the 1990s is indelibly etched in the DPRK’s 70-year history replete with creation and changes.
In the mid-1990s the DPRK was faced with a worst-ever adversity in its history.
Hostile forces intensified military aggression moves to stifle the country which was in mourning for President Kim Il Sung, while pressurizing it in politics, the economy, culture and diplomacy.
The heinous sanctions and blockade by the imperialists wreaked havoc on its economic construction, causing it serious economic difficulties. And the consecutive natural disasters compelled its people to struggle with food shortage.
Its destiny hinged on how it would overcome such economic distress.
At this juncture, Chairman Kim Jong Il held higher the banner of Songun with extraordinary political and military insights into subjective and objective conditions and rapidly-changing situation.
On New Year’s Day 1995 he inspected a company of the Korean People’s Army as a demonstration of his determination to administer Songun politics in an all-round way at a higher level.
Songun politics cemented the military position of the country like an impregnable fortress and the single-hearted unity of the whole society further and made it possible to dynamically advance the revolution and construction as a whole while protecting socialism from the manoeuvres of the imperialists and reactionaries to isolate and stifle the country.
The DPRK pushed ahead with socialist economic construction as it continued to channel big efforts into boosting its political and ideological position and defence capabilities.
It set easing power and food shortages as a breakthrough in the building of an economic giant and pressed on with the building of large and minor hydroelectric power plants in many places and double-cropping, potato farming, land rezoning and laying of gravity-fed waterways.
The Korean People’s Army played a leading role in overcoming economic difficulties as the main force and shock brigade in implementing the socialist cause.
Service personnel were dispatched to different economic sectors to set the pace in supporting Songun politics and greatly inspire working people to the endeavour to bring the Arduous March and forced march to a victorious conclusion.
As all the people learned after the revolutionary soldier spirit created by the KPA, the whole country brimmed with the spirit of daring offensive and revolutionary enthusiasm and in the course of this the Kanggye spirit, which turned the Arduous March into a merry journey, was created and such flames of innovations as the torches of Ranam and Songgang were kindled.
The DPRK opened up a broader avenue to an economic giant building in the new century.
Kim Jong Il, who visited the Chollima Steel Complex in Kangson in December 2008, stoked the flames of a revolutionary upsurge, saying that when Kangson, the cradle of Chollima, was alive the whole country could be afire and when its workers dashed energetically all other people across the country could quicken their pace.
In response to the appeal of Kangson workers, the whole country seethed with enthusiasm for a new drive, further consolidating the country’s economic foundations.
Soldier builders of the Huichon Power Station worked the miracle of finishing the huge project, which was believed to take over ten years, in a matter of three years in the spirit of “At a go”. And workers of major industrial establishments in Hamhung, South Hamgyong Province, made strenuous efforts to build a new production base of vinalon fibre and fertilizer production process in succession.
Eye-opening achievements were made in improving the people’s living standards and breaking through the cutting edge through the new revolutionary upsurge and the industrial revolution in the new century initiated by the Chairman.
Dynamic efforts were made to put key economic sectors on a Juche, modern and scientific basis on a full scale, and structures that can typify the new century were built up across the country including reclaimed Taegyedo tideland and Taedonggang Combined Fruit Farm.
And modern establishments for farming crops, livestock and fish were set up, forming firm bases for agricultural production, and leading urban and rural areas developed into socialist fairylands.
Between the 1990s and the first decade of the 21st century, the Korean people safeguarded socialism in the face of all hardships and ordeals and turned their country into a political and military power to lay a springboard for the building of a powerful socialist nation.
Jo Kwang Hyok