‘From agreement to action: Build back biodiversity’May 22, 2023
Biodiversity is the result of the evolution of the earth's biosphere spanning billions of years and the base for the existence and prosperity of humankind and all other organisms.
At present, the biodiversity of the earth is remarkably diminishing by human activities far exceeding its evolution speed and regenerative power and this arises as a core problem of the global ecological crisis.
Biodiversity decreases in nearly all landscapes and ecosystems of land and sea and arises as a more serious problem in densely populated countries and regions where social and economic activities are brisk.
The excessive exploitation of forest resources and damage from forest fires and harmful insects cause the destruction of terrestrial ecosystem and wood resources are reduced by over ten million cubic metres every year.
These gravely threaten the existence of humankind while severely destroying the earth’s ecosystem.
Pollution of rivers, streams and seas is also a serious international problem.
According to information available, the ecological environment of rivers, lakes and seas are being damaged by over two billion tons of urban waste worldwide.
Harmful substances from waste pollute not only seas, lakes, rivers and streams but also even underground water, thus destroying biodiversity and harming the lives and health of people.
Over one million species of animals and plants are in danger of extinction owing to the grave destruction of ecosystems throughout the world.
The protection of biodiversity is the work to be done constantly as long as humankind exists.
Accordingly, the UN selected May 22 as International Biodiversity Day as the convention on biodiversity was adopted on the date of 1992.
The theme of this year’s International Biodiversity Day is “From Agreement to Action: Build Back Biodiversity”.
In our country, too, nationwide efforts are made to conserve nature and environment for protecting biodiversity.
The work to protect nature and ecological environment and conserve biodiversity will actively make a contribution to the well-being of the people.
Ri Ho Chol, PhD and journalist of the Central Committee of the Nature Conservation Union of Korea